CPU cooler mounting mistakes do happen. Failing to mount your cooler properly will reduce its effectiveness, which could result in overheating-related issues. It can also cause strange problems like monitor failure, so it is essential to know when the CPU cooler isn’t mounted correctly.
1. Inspect the CPU cooler installation
Tip: I highly recommend taking the motherboard out of your computer case to get a proper view of the CPU cooler and whether it is mounted properly.
To assess the quality of your CPU cooler installation, you need to know how the cooler works and keep that knowledge in mind as you mount it on the CPU.
The cooler contacts the CPU lid or IHS (Integrated Heat Spreader), draining and dissipating heat away from it. For this to work well, your installation has to allow maximum heat transfer between the CPU and the cooler.
Your CPU cooler is not properly mounted if:
- There is space between it and the CPU lid. Air is a bad conductor of heat. It reduces the efficiency of heat transfer and negatively affects the cooling process.
- There is too much or too little thermal paste. The wrong application of thermal paste will reduce the effectiveness of your installation’s heat transfer process.
- It wiggles around a lot. If you can turn the cooler around with minimal effort, the connection is loose, and the installation won’t be as effective as it should be.
A quick way of knowing whether you mounted the cooler properly is by checking whether it moves when you touch it.
If it does, you’ve not used enough mounting pressure and should tighten the screws more or fasten the pushpins correctly.
Let’s look at a few other checks you can perform to determine whether your CPU cooler installation was done correctly.
Check that the pushpins are fastened correctly
Pushpins can be tricky to install properly when mounting an Intel stock cooler. If you ruin the installation, your cooler won’t make proper contact with the CPU and won’t cool it effectively.
Failing to tighten the CPU cooler is almost always the common denominator in botched pushpin installations. It might seem trivial, yet it can result in significantly higher CPU temperatures.
For example, one internet user reported CPU temperatures of 194°F (90°C) under moderate load with a loose connection between the CPU and the cooler.
After tightening the connection, their CPU temperatures don’t exceed 124°F (51°C) even under a heavy stress test.
Loose pushpins caused the problem in the instance above on an Intel cooler.
The trick is knowing that the markers on the pushpins show how to turn them to unlock them and remove the cooler.
Some people mistakenly assume that the markers show how to lock the pushpins.
To mount your Intel stock cooler properly, ensure the pushpins are turned in the right direction and pushed down.
Check that the screws are tight enough
It’s essential to have the right level of mounting pressure between the cooler and the CPU. Too much pressure and you might damage the motherboard.
The motherboard might also bend, which can cause problems such as random shutdowns or a boot error.
Most motherboards now come with a metal plate at the bottom to prevent PCB bending. This helps ensure proper contact with the cooler without bending or damaging the motherboard.
You should be careful not to overtighten the screws, but at the same time, you should worry about not tightening them enough.
If there’s insufficient mounting pressure, the cooler and the CPU lid won’t make proper contact, reducing heat loss rates and the cooler’s effectiveness.
Most coolers have a spring placed around each screw that compresses between the screw head and where the screw head would normally tighten against.
This is to prevent screws from rattling loose even when the screws aren’t tightened to the point where it stops against the contact area.
Sometimes, the motherboard has dimensions that make it difficult to tighten the screws properly.
For example, the motherboard could be thinner than usual. In such a case, you’ll struggle to achieve efficient cooling because there’ll be suboptimal contact between the cooler and the CPU.
Rubber O-rings in such a situation would help you achieve proper mounting pressure because the rings act as washers when tightening the screws.
Check that you applied thermal paste properly
Thermal compound is crucial to the successful operation of the CPU cooler.
The cooler’s surface and the CPU lid have microscopic irregularities that hinder perfect contact, compromising heat transfer.
Thermal paste is made from an excellent heat conductor. It fills these microscopic spaces, maximizing heat transfer.
Since the thermal paste is liquid, it also ensures no air between the lid and the cooler. Air is a bad conductor of heat and makes the cooling process inefficient.
You can identify a badly done thermal compound application by checking for overflow. If there’s an overflow, you applied too much paste.
The excessive paste could hinder heat flow between the cooler and the CPU.
If you notice an overflow, the safe thing to do is to reinstall the cooler. Then, clean the thermal paste you applied earlier with thermal paste remover before applying the fresh thermal compound.
Other problems with thermal paste application include:
- Lint in the paste. Before applying the thermal paste, you should avoid using a cloth to clean the CPU lid or the cooler surface. If you do, the thermal paste will have lint and hinder heat transfer capabilities. The same goes for any other debris or even dust, for that matter.
- Expired paste. If you’ve had thermal paste for a long time and have not stored it properly, its quality will be degraded by contamination and separation. As a result, such paste may be ineffective.
- Dirty surfaces. Failing to clean the surfaces of both the CPU lid and the cooler before mounting can result in impurities that will lessen the thermal paste’s effectiveness. Clean the surfaces with thermal paste remover and a lint-free material before mounting the cooler.
- Uneven spread. If the thermal paste is not spread evenly, it will not cool some parts of the CPU efficiently. You may notice significant differences between the temperatures of different CPU cores. Using moderate downward force when placing the cooler on the CPU helps spread the thermal paste evenly.
- Dried-out paste. With some poor-quality thermal pastes, the paste will dry up after you’ve applied it to your CPU cooler. This introduces air into the paste and hinders cooling effectiveness. Another reason could be that you didn’t clean the surfaces properly before applying thermal paste, leading to the paste reacting and drying up.
If you notice any of the above thermal paste problems, you must redo the cooler installation.
It would be best to use fresh paste, as reusing thermal paste can result in some of the issues above.
It’s also crucial to clean the surfaces with a thermal paste remover and surface purifier before applying the fresh paste, even if they look clean.
Check that the screws are evenly tightened
After installation, check the back of the motherboard to ensure that all the CPU cooler screws are flush.
If they are not perfectly aligned, you have probably tightened one or more screws tighter than the others.
Uneven tightening when mounting the CPU cooler can cause a lot of trouble for you. Related issues include:
- Freezing when playing games.
- Periodic computer booting failures.
- Random restarts or shutdowns.
- One of the CPU cores is getting several degrees hotter than the other cores.
A tried and tested technique to avoid the problems above is to use the “X” or star pattern as you tighten the screws. Here is a stepwise breakdown of the technique:
- Hold the CPU cooler in place with your hand.
- Attach each screw. Don’t tighten any screws until you’ve attached all of them.
- Give one of the screws a few turns.
- Drawing a diagonal across the CPU cooler, give another screw a few turns.
- Give the remaining two screws a few turns.
- Repeat steps 3 to 5 above until the screws feel sufficiently tightened.
- Ultimately, you should have used roughly the same number of turns on each screw to ensure even tightening.
It is possible in some instances to overtighten the cooler’s screws. If you are tightening the screws until they stop, check the amount of curvature of the motherboard.
The copper tracks are delicate, and you don’t want to cause an open circuit connection from a large amount of flex in the motherboard. Others may argue against this strategy, but my opinion draws from my experience in the field.
The springs fitted with the mounting screws will prevent the screws from coming loose from vibrations, so you don’t have to be concerned with the cooler coming off at any stage.
2. Monitor your computer’s behavior after installation
If you’ve not mounted your CPU cooler properly, there’s a chance that your computer’s booting process will fail.
While this could be due to other issues, the wrong cooler installation is a likely culprit 一 especially if you’ve just done the installation.
If your computer fails to boot because you’ve mounted the CPU cooler wrongly, it’ll display behavior that points to a thermal event.
A thermal event is when the CPU overheats and the motherboard cuts power to protect the CPU from permanent damage.
If this happens with your computer, it will power up for a bit and then power down. So there’s a chance you’ll see nothing on your monitor.
If the CPU cooler does not cause your boot-up problem, the power-on self-test (POST) process will execute successfully.
One way to tell that the POST process has been successful is to listen to the whirring of the CPU cooler fan.
The POST process is successful if the fan spins to the maximum and slows to about a third of the speed.
If you suspect the CPU cooler is to blame for your computer’s failure to start, observe the CPU fan and try to start the computer again. If you notice the fan twitching, your cooler is wrongly installed.
Please read Is Your Computer Not Posting? For more insights into fixing a computer that won’t post.
3. Monitor the CPU temperature
There should be a change in your CPU temperature after installing a cooler. However, your temperatures should stay relatively low if you’ve successfully installed it, even under heavy workloads.
You probably messed up the CPU mounting if it still shows high temperatures.
At the very least, you should note an improvement in after-installation temperatures compared to pre-installation temperatures.
The lower the improvement, the more likely you need to correct something in the cooler installation.
If you did your CPU cooler installation correctly, your CPU temperatures should be between 149°F and 167°F (65°C-75°C) under load.
While idle, the temperatures should be between 50°F and 59°F (10°C-15°C) higher than ambient or room temperature.
Another aspect of temperature you can use to gauge the success of your cooler installation is the degree of temperature variation among CPU cores.
If the temperature values of individual cores differ by around 35°F (2°C), you mounted the CPU cooler correctly.
If the difference goes up to 46°F (8°C), there’s a chance that you used uneven pressure when screwing the cooler in place.
You can use a free program like CoreTemp to closely watch your CPU temperatures at all times.
4. Run a stress test
People often install CPU coolers to run heavy-duty applications on their computers without overheating the CPU.
For example, if you plan to be gaming heavily, you’ll want an effective way to cool your CPU.
A great CPU cooler is essential if you want to overclock your CPU.
After installing your cooler, you should use basic indications to check that you’ve done it properly.
These include visual inspection, monitoring the computer’s behavior, and checking whether CPU temperatures are lower with the new cooler.
But if you have plans to put your computer to heavy use, you’ll need to run a stress test to gauge the true capability of your CPU cooler.
A stress test helps you know whether your CPU cooler installation has adequately prepared your computer for the work you have in mind.
If the stress test is unsuccessful, there’s a good chance you haven’t mounted the CPU cooler properly.
But before you make this conclusion, you must ensure that the cooler you have fits your cooling requirements.
CPU coolers have different thermal dissipation ratings. The more powerful a CPU is, the higher the cooler rating should be for the CPU to be effectively cooled.
If you are sure that the cooler’s thermal dissipation rating matches your CPU and the cooler fails the stress test, it is not mounted properly.
The essential steps in stress testing are:
- Close all non-essential programs. This creates a controlled environment for the test, helping you get more accurate results.
- Run stress-testing software for about an hour. The testing software puts your hardware to work.
- Monitor temperature throughout the test. This helps you gauge the effectiveness of your CPU cooler and essentially helps you know whether your hardware has passed or failed the test.
Ideally, your computer should run for an hour under the stress of the testing software. Also, the temperatures should stay within the 149-167°F (65°C – 75°C) range.