Why Do Motherboards Have 2 Ethernet Ports?
Ethernet cables have been around since the 80s, but they’ve become increasingly less serviceable with time. Nowadays, with the popularity of LANs (Local Air Networks), you’ll hardly find Ethernet cables being used.
- The Advantages of Double Ethernet Ports on a Motherboard
- An Ethernet Cable is Faster than Wi-Fi
- There’s No Need to Worry About Router Placement
- Dual Ports Allow You to Connect Two Systems Without Wi-Fi
- Dual LAN Ports Provide Extra Connections to Older Motherboards that Lack Built-in Wi-Fi
- You Always Have a Backup Port
- Double Ports Let You Utilize Teaming
- Dual Ports Allow Load Balancing
- What Should I Do with My Second Port?
- Final Thoughts
So you may wonder, why do motherboards have two Ethernet ports in the first place?
Motherboards have two Ethernet ports to allow multiple data transfers. Some older motherboards don’t have built-in Wi-Fi, making an additional Ethernet port essential. If one port fails, there’s still another to provide a connection to the internet or another device.
For the rest of this article, I’ll elaborate on the above ideas and give several reasons motherboards have two Ethernet ports. I’ll also tell you how to best use both ports and address common questions. Let’s get started.
The Advantages of Double Ethernet Ports on a Motherboard
An Ethernet Cable is Faster than Wi-Fi
While Wi-Fi is reliably fast, Ethernet is on a different level, with virtually no latency. Latency is the time it takes for the signal from your computer to reach the router and then be on its way over the internet.
Wi-Fi signals travel in the air from your router to your computer and back again. When this signal passes through walls or other physical objects, it can become blocked off or weakened.
This can prevent a strong Wi-Fi connection from forming between your router and computer.
On the other hand, an Ethernet cable provides safe and efficient passage to these same signals.
In addition, it allows for much faster speeds than traditional Wi-Fi connections because the data is transferred directly instead of through the air like Wi-Fi. As a result, there’s less interference and fewer chances of experiencing technical problems.
Using an Ethernet cable will make your online experience much smoother. Using Ethernet over Wi-Fi is especially beneficial for gamers who play competitive shooters or fast-paced multiplayer games.
Even a few milliseconds in reaction time can make all the difference between a win and a loss.
If you’ve been experiencing online lag, try using an Ethernet cable. It may help.
There’s No Need to Worry About Router Placement
Ethernet connections are not only faster than wireless connections, but they also don’t require additional hardware or software.
When using your Ethernet port for internet connectivity, you only need the cable and any compatible device to connect directly to your modem.
Because Wi-Fi router signals can’t travel very far, especially in a 5ghz setting, they’re prone to being blocked by physical objects such as walls and doors.
Therefore, if your system is in another room, far away from the Wi-Fi router, you’ll likely experience latency and connectivity issues.
Ethernet cables solve this problem entirely by directly taking the signals to and from the router.
You’ll need an Ethernet cable that’s long enough, though. But that’s no problem because you can find Ethernet cables as long as 295 feet (90 meters).
Dual Ports Allow You to Connect Two Systems Without Wi-Fi
If you have two Ethernet ports, you can use one for connecting to the internet and the other for various other purposes.
For example, you can connect two computers directly without needing Wi-Fi or an air network. This setup is incredibly useful for transferring files between devices while the Wi-Fi’s down.
The Wi-Fi doesn’t even have to be down for an Ethernet connection to be a useful application. Using your Ethernet port can save precious bandwidth if you have a slow internet connection or a limited package.
Additionally, if you need to transfer many files, especially if the files in question are unbearably large, an Ethernet connection will save you data and time.
And the best part is that you can keep using the internet on your primary system at full speed while the data transfer takes place through the second Ethernet cable.
Dual LAN Ports Provide Extra Connections to Older Motherboards that Lack Built-in Wi-Fi
Another reason many motherboards have two Ethernet ports is that many older motherboards often don’t have built-in Wi-Fi connectivity.
Even the entry-level motherboards produced today cut corners by skipping out on Wi-Fi and BlueTooth.
For these motherboards, having two Ethernet ports is essential. The first of the two ports will likely be used to connect to the internet via an Ethernet cable.
For older motherboards, the presence of a second Ethernet port is near-necessary, as it allows the computer to still have the ability to communicate with other devices and connect to networks.
You Always Have a Backup Port
A backup Ethernet port is extremely useful, especially if your motherboard doesn’t have built-in Wi-Fi connectivity.
You can be left without a way to connect to the internet without a second Ethernet port if your primary port malfunctions.
And I’m sure you’ll agree that not having internet access in this day and age is simply out of the question.
With a second port, you’ll be able to plug your Ethernet cable right back and pick up where you left off. There’s no need to go through a lengthy repair process.
Similar to how you have multiple USB ports, having a second Ethernet port serves as a backup or replacement for when things go awry.
If you look at your PC casing, you’ll notice that it has more ports than you know what to do with, and there’s a good reason for that.
Double Ports Let You Utilize Teaming
Some motherboards support “teaming,” a feature that allows you to connect two Ethernet cables for double the data throughput.
However, a single Ethernet connection can already transmit such high bandwidths that this feature is practically useless in a home or work environment.
You may wonder, “Will double ethernet cables improve my transfer speeds?” We all want faster transfer speeds, so why not use double Ethernet cables?
And it does seem intuitive, as two Ethernet cables should transfer data faster than one, right?
Unfortunately, in most cases, the answer is no.
Your ISP limits your internet data transfer speeds. They’re defined by the package you purchase.
Most people have a download speed of 1 to 100 Mbps. In first-world countries, you can easily find faster Wi-Fi speeds.
But you will seldom come across a Wi-Fi speed faster than 1 Gbps, which is the transfer speed for the standard Ethernet cable.
Like other technologies, Ethernet connectivity has made huge leaps in recent decades.
We now have Ethernet cables capable of transferring up to 10 Gbps, which is more than you’ll likely ever need in a home or office environment.
Ethernet cables are sometimes combined to improve throughput, but something like that is usually only ever done in a server room.
Your computer’s transfer speeds will likely never be bottlenecked by an Ethernet cable, so using two cables to connect to the same router won’t make a difference.
But what if you connect to two different routers?
Dual Ports Allow Load Balancing
Let’s say you have two Wi-Fi connections at your place. And you want to use both of them on the same system simultaneously. Can you connect to the two simultaneously using an Ethernet cable?
No, you can’t connect to two networks at the same time. You’ll be able to switch between the two connections at a moment’s notice, but you’ll only be able to transfer data over one connection at a time.
To benefit from both connections, you’ll need a specialized router capable of load balancing. A load-balancing router will utilize both networks to transfer your data via two separate IP addresses.
Unfortunately, there are some caveats here, too. In cases where you’re communicating with a single server, you can only experience the faster of the two internets.
So, for example, let’s say you connect to a 10+5 Mbps connection on a load-balancing router.
You’ll only get a 10 Mbps download speed when downloading a regular application because the data comes from a single server. You can also only connect to the server with a single IP address.
However, if you’re downloading torrent files, you can get an effective 15 Mbps download speed because you’ll be downloading simultaneously from multiple peers.
However, you won’t be able to access secure websites, such as online banking platforms, while connected to a load-balancing router.
What Should I Do with My Second Port?
Motherboards come with multiple Ethernet ports out of necessity. However, the scenarios in which you must use both Ethernet ports simultaneously are quite niche.
You’re unlikely to run into these situations in your regular day-to-day activities.
Assuming one of your Ethernet ports is occupied by a cable connecting to your router, you can use the second Ethernet port to:
- Connect two computers to transfer files without relying on the internet. Doing so allows you to save data, which can be costly if you’re on a limited package. Ethernet also transfers data much faster than Wi-Fi, which makes this option a considerable time saver when working with large files.
- Create an offline network of computers. An offline data transfer system is a great backup for an internet blackout. You can transfer data without inserting USB drives all over the place.
Why Do Newer Motherboards Have Two Ports?
Many newer motherboards have extremely fast Wi-Fi and BlueTooth, rendering Ethernet nearly useless.
So why are newer motherboards being made with two ethernet ports? Older motherboards needed to have two Ethernet ports because they lacked wireless connectivity.
With a strong Wi-Fi connection, many believe they don’t have to use Ethernet at all, especially if the router is right next to them.
However, newer motherboards come with Ethernet ports anyway because the technology and machinery needed to produce these ports are readily-available in production plants.
They’re very cheap to produce nowadays, so it does manufacturers no harm to keep adding them as usual.
Plus, Ethernet cables still boast much higher transfer rates than Wi-Fi, so people with high-speed internet packages will be better able to access their highest internet speeds while connected over Ethernet.
Ethernet still has a lot of utility left and will likely continue to be useful in the future.
Where is the Ethernet Port on My Computer?
If you have a laptop, you’ll find the Ethernet port on the left or right side panels, along with the USB ports. Laptops typically only have a single Ethernet port.
It’s easily identifiable because of its unique shape and structure.
If you’re using a PC, where exactly the Ethernet ports lie depends upon the orientation of your motherboard and the specifics of your PC casing.
Ethernet ports are typically located on the back panel, along with numerous other ports, pins, buttons, and jacks.
Why Does My Computer Not Have a Port?
While most desktop computer motherboards still come out of the factory with two Ethernet ports built into them, some modern-day laptops have started leaving the age-old RJ45 Ethernet port behind to become even slimmer.
In fact, some of the best laptops these days are thinner than your standard Ethernet port.
The convenience of built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth on modern laptop motherboards has made the lack of an Ethernet port less of an issue for most people.
While Ethernet ports used to be a standard feature, now many laptop users rely on wireless connections for their internet needs.
With built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, many laptops can access the internet without any extra hardware or software.
Still, if you’d like to connect your laptop to your Wi-Fi router for reduced latency or another system for data transfer, you could always use a USB-to-Ethernet converter. This handy device is compact and inexpensive.
Motherboards have two Ethernet ports to allow users flexibility.
You can connect your computer to a router via one of the Ethernet ports and use the other for various purposes, such as carrying out fast offline data transfer between computers.
Some motherboards with two ports also support teaming, a feature that allows a computer to receive data from two Ethernet cables, thereby doubling throughput.
Unfortunately, this has little practical use outside of servers and data centers.
Many older motherboards, including some newer ones, don’t have built-in Wi-Fi connectivity, making the presence of two Ethernet ports necessary.